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Yury T. Alasheev

Yury T. Alasheev

Hero of the Soviet Union (1960, posthumously), test-pilot of the 1st class (1954), lieutenant colonel.

Yury Alasheev was born on October 17, 1923 in the city of Inza of the Simbirsk province (nowadays - Ulyanovsk region). In 1941, he worked as a copy editor in a newspaper editorial office.

Since 1941 Yury Alasheev was in the army. In 1941, he graduated from the 2nd military aviation school of initial training of pilots (the city of Ardatov). In 1944, he graduated from Vyazniki Military aviation school for pilots. In 1944-1946, Yury Alasheev was the pilot of the 1st reserve air regiment (the city of Arzamas). In October-December, 1944 he passed combat training in the 111th Guards fighter regiment (the 4th Ukrainian front). Yury Alasheev has made 12 combat flights on La-5 fighter.

In 1946-1948 Yury Alasheev was a flight instructor of Borisoglebsk Military aviation school for pilots. In 1950, he graduated from the Test-Pilot School. From May, 1950 to February, 1954 he was engaged in flight-test work in the Flight Research Institute named after M.M. Gromov (the city of Zhukovsky). He carried out tests and development of new powerful engines on Tu-4LL flying laboratories. He was engaged in tests of SM-2 (1953) and other fighters within the scope of the institute's activities.

In 1954 Yury Alasheev was a test-pilot of Tupolev design bureau. He has performed the first flight and carried out tests of Tu-104 jet passenger plane (1955), "105" (prototype of Tu-22, 1956), "105A" (Tu-22 prototype), Tu-16К jet rocket carrier (1957), Tu-22 supersonic bomber (1959). He took part in tests of Tu-75, Tu-95, Tu-98 and Tu-114 passenger plane.

Yury Alasheev has established 11 world aviation records: 6 records of speed, range and loading capacity on Tu-104A (1957), 5 records of loading capacity on Tu-104B (1959).

Yury Alasheev lived in the city of Zhukovsky of the Moscow region. He died on December 21, 1959 performing flight test on Tu-22 prototype. He was buried at the Bykovskoe cemetery in Zhukovsky.

Yury Alasheev was awarded two Orders of Lenin (1957; 1960, posthumously) and medals.

A street in the city of Inza is named after the Hero. Also, there is a memorial board on the wall of school №1.