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Nikolay S. Rybko

Nikolay S. Rybko

Hero of the Soviet Union (1957), honoured test-pilot of the USSR (1959).

Nikolay Rybko was born on March 13 (26), 1911 in the city of Moscow. In 1929 he finished driving courses and worked in that speciality. Since 1932 he worked at TsAGI as a technician engaged in aircraft testing. In 1933 Nikolay Rybko graduated from Moscow Aviation Institute. In 1935 he graduated from flying school at TsAGI and took an external degree at Kacha Military aviation school for pilots.

From November 1935 to March 1939 Nikolay Rybko was a test-pilot at TsAGI. He has lifted in the sky and carried out tests of Pe-8 (on December 27, 1936, as the 2nd pilot) and "Strela" experimental airplane, designed by A.S. Moskalev (on October 11, 1937). He carried out tests of TB-3 (1936; 2nd pilot), VIT-1 (1937), "Stal-11" (1937-1938), "Ivanov" short-range bomber, designed by N.N. Polikarpov (1938), dive test of ANT-40 (1936), full-distance test of ANT-37 (1938).

Nikolay Rybko took part in the first flight and tests of ANT-42 (Pe-8) (1936-1937). During spin tests he bailed out of the airplanes twice.

In March 1939 Nikolay Rybko had a car accident and couldn't continue his flight work because of severe leg injury. Later he worked at TsAGI as an engineer. Since April 1941 he was a leading engineer of the Flight Research Institute n.a. M.M. Gromov. In June, 1941 he succeeded in continuing his flight work.

From June 1941 to June 1951 Nikolay Rybko was a test-pilot of the Flight Research Institute. He has lifted in the sky and carried out tests of Tu-4 long-range bomber (1947-1949). Nikolay Rybko has carried out tests of Yak-7A (1942) and Yak-7B fighters (1942), of Yak-9U power plant (1943), Il-6 bomber (1944), Pe-2VI pressurized high-altitude fighter (1944), Mosquito-IV fighter (1944), glider modification of Me-163 captured enemy jet fighter (1946), LL-2 experimental glider (1947-1949); he took part in flight tests of TIS (A, 1942), BDP (1942), Shche-2 (1943), "302P" (1944), MiG-9 (1947), Yak-15 (1947), MiG-15 (1949), Tu-12 ("77", 1949) "82" (1949).

From June 1951 to 1954 Nikolay Rybko was a test-pilot of Tupolev design bureau. He has lifted in the sky and carried out tests of Tu-16 (on April 27, 1952), Tu-16/2 (on April 6, 1953). In 1954 Nikolay Rybko had a car accident again and wasn't able to continue his work as a test pilot. During the period of his flight-test work Nikolay Rybko has mastered 110 types of airplanes and gliders. Until 1963 he worked as a leading engineer, and as an engineer in Tupolev design bureau.

Nikolay Rybko lived in Moscow. He died on August 28, 1977. Nikolay Rybko was buried at the Donskoe cemetery, in Moscow.

He was awarded four Orders of Lenin (1944, 1947, 1949, 1957), the Order of the Red Banner (1944), the Order of the Patriotic War 1st class (1945), the Order of the Red Banner of Labour (1948), the Gold Star medal (1957) and other medals.