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Nikolay E. Kulchitsky

Nikolay E. Kulchitsky Nikolay E. Kulchitsky

Hero of the Soviet Union (1977), honoured test-pilot of the USSR (1979), captain (1956).

Nikolay Kulchitsky was born on July 27, 1929 in the village of Nakhabino in Krasnogorsk district of Moscow region. In 1948 he graduated from Moscow Special School of the Air Force.

Since August, 1948 Nikolay Kulchitsky was in the army. In 1951 he graduated from Borisoglebsk Military aviation school for pilots. Nikolay Kulchitsky served in combatant forces of the Air Force (in Odessa military district, Soviet army group in Germany; in Baltic military district). Since May, 1961 he was reserved.

In 1962 Nikolay Kulchitsky graduated from Test-Pilot School, and in 1967  he finished 3 years of education in Kazan Aviation Institute.

In 1962-1967 Nikolay Kulchitsky was a test-pilot of Kazan aircraft factory. He tested Tu-16 (1962-1963) and Tu-22 (1962-1967) production jet bombers and their modifications.

Since 1967 Nikolay Kulchitsky was a test-pilot of Tupolev design bureau. He took part in tests of Tu-16, Tu-22, Tu-22M and their modifications. On October 22, 1976 during the ejection from the uncontrollable Tu-22M (jointly with co-pilot V.A. Sevankayev and navigator A.V. Eryomenko) he got severe wounds. Despite doctors’ interdiction, in 1977 Nikolay Kulchitsky continued working as a test-pilot. He took part in tests of Tu-95 strategic bomber, Tu-134 and Tu-154 jet passenger planes and their modifications. 

Nikolay Kulchitsky died on January 28, 1982 performing test flight on Tu-95MS-55 strategic rocket carrier. He lived in Moscow. He was buried at the Khimkinskoe cemetery in Moscow.

Nikolay Kulchitsky was awarded the Order of Lenin (1977), the Order of the Badge of Honour and medals.