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Nikolay I. Goryaynov

Nikolay I. Goryaynov

Hero of the Soviet Union (1957), honoured test-pilot of the USSR (1967), colonel (1961).

Nikolay Goryaynov was born on February 14, 1924 in the village of Beloomut in Lukhovitsky district of the Moscow region. He finished junior high school and in 1941 he graduated from Kasimov aero club.

Since April, 1941 Nikolay Goryaynov was in the army (he added one year to his age during the call-up). In 1943 he graduated from Bataysk Military aviation school for pilots and courses for flight instructors at Borisoglebsk Military aviation school for pilots. In 1943-1947 he was a flight instructor of Bataysk Military aviation school for pilots. In 1947 Nikolay Goryaynov graduated from the Higher flight instructor school for officers (the city of Grozny) and was flight instructor of this school till 1951. In 1953 he graduated from Test-Pilot School.

From June, 1953 to April, 1955 Nikolay Goryaynov was engaged in flight-test work in Flight Research Institute named after M.M. Gromov (the city of Zhukovsky). He has performed a number of tests on MiG-15.

In 1955-1960 Nikolay Goryaynov was a test-pilot of Design bureau n.a. V.M. Myasishchev. He has performed the first flight and carried out tests of 3M (2nd pilot, 1956), 3ME (1959) and M-50 (1959); took part in tests of 3M and M-4. On July 11, 1955 Nikolay Goryaynov performed the first successful refuelling in the USSR using probe-and-drogue system (on M-4 aircraft) and carried out tests of the system. On September 29, 1956 he has performed successful landing with only one engine on during thunder-storm (on 3M aircraft).

Nikolay Goryaynov has established 2 world aviation records of loading capacity on 3M aircraft in 1959.

In 1960-1961 he was a test-pilot of experimental design bureau №52 n.a. V.N. Chelomey.

From 1961 to 1971 Nikolay Goryaynov was a test-pilot of Tupolev design bureau. He has lifted in the sky the first batch produced Tu-154 of Kuibyshev aircraft factory (on December 26, 1969) and took part in tests of Tu-22R, Tu-134, Tu-154 and other airplanes. Since March, 1971 he was reserved.

Nikolay Goryaynov lived in the city of Zhukovsky of the Moscow region. He died on September 23, 1976. He was buried at the Bykovskoe cemetery in Zhukovsky.

Nikolay Goryaynov was awarded two Orders of Lenin (1956, 1957), the Order of the Red Banner (1957), two Orders of the Red Star (1956, 1961) and medals.

There is a monument to the Hero in the village of Beloomut.