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Nail S. Sattarov

Nail S. Sattarov

Honoured test-pilot of the Russian Federation (1997), colonel (1977), master of the airplane sport of international level.

Nail Sattarov was born on December 23, 1941 in the village of Kabakovsky in the Karmaskalinsky district of the Bashkir ASSR, RSFSR (Russia).

In 1960-1961 Nail Sattarov was maintenance technician of concrete products plant in the city of Meleuz, Bashkir ASSR.

In 1965 Nail Sattarov graduated from Orenburg Higher Military aviation school for pilots where he specialized in "Combat application and operation of airplanes". Till 1969 he worked in Orenburg Higher Military aviation school for pilots as a flight instructor.

Since June 1969 Nail Sattarov was engaged in flight-test work in the State Air Force research and test institute decorated with the Order of the Red Banner. Since October 1969 he was a test-pilot of the 3rd aviation flight-test squadron, and since September 1972 - of the 4th aviation flight-test squadron of the 2nd department of the State Air Force research and test institute decorated with the Order of the Red Banner. In October 1973 he took part in the test of a nuclear explosive at the Semipalatinsk proving ground. In three minutes after the explosion Nail Sattarov performed eight flights through the radioactive cloud (and eight more, forty minutes later) measuring the parameters of the nuclear explosion and taking the samples of the cloud.

Since July 1974 Nail Sattarov was a chief test-pilot of the 5th aviation flight-test squadron, since August 1976 he was its deputy commander, since July 1978 he was the commander of the 6th aviation flight-test squadron, the chief test-pilot of bomber aviation flight test service of the 1st department of the State Air Force research and test institute decorated with the Order of the Red Banner.

From January 1979 to May 1980 he was getting the training for cosmonauts as a member of the first crew of test-pilots of the State Air Force research and test institute decorated with the Order of the Red Banner for the "Buran" space shuttle orbiter. However he was dismissed for not following the instruction for pilots of Tu-154 passenger airplane (he had performed aerobatic maneuver - horizontal roll, without permission).

Since June 1980 Nail Sattarov was a chief test engineer of the 1st department of the State Air Force research and test institute decorated with the Order of the Red Banner. Since August 1981 he was a test-pilot of bomber aviation flight test service of the 6th aviation flight-test squadron of the 1st department of the State Air Force research and test institute decorated with the Order of the Red Banner. Since November 1981 he was a chief deputy of the Flight Training Center, a chief test-pilot, chief of the flight service of the 267th Aircraft Test and Test-pilot Training Center of the State Air Force research and test institute decorated with the Order of the Red Banner. Since April 1983 he was a chief test-pilot of bomber aviation flight test service of the 5th aviation flight-test squadron of the 1st department of the State Air Force research and test institute decorated with the Order of the Red Banner. He was a leading test-pilot of Su-24. Since April 1990 Nail Sattarov was a squadron commander, chief test-pilot of the 1st test and research department of the State Air Force research and test institute decorated with the Order of the Red Banner.

For the period of his flight-test work Nail Sattarov has mastered 65 types of airplanes and their modifications: MiG-15, MiG-17, MiG-21, MiG-23, MiG-25, Su-7, Su-17, Su-24. Yak-28, Yak-40, Yak-18A, Tu-124, Tu-134, Tu-154, Tu-204, Tu-16, Tu-22, Tu-22M, Tu-95, Tu-160, Il-28, Il-76, A-50 (AWACS).

On May 22, 1992 Nail Satarov took part in establishing world aviation records on Tu-160 (class: C, subclass: C-1, C-1-s) as the first pilot.

In November 1992 Nail Sattarov was reserved because of age. Since March 1993 he was dropped from the rolls.

Since 1993 Nail Sattarov is a test-pilot of Tupolev design bureau. Since January 1999 he is a leading engineer of Tupolev design bureau.

Nail Sattarov was awarded the Order of the Red Star (1987) and six medals.