Proud of the past, create the future together!

Ivan M. Sukhomlin

Ivan M. Sukhomlin

Hero of the Soviet Union (1971), honoured test-pilot of the USSR (1960), honoured master of sports of the USSR (1962), colonel (1951).

Ivan Sukhomlin was born on May 6 (19), 1911 in the village of Malaya Vyska of Kirovohrad region (Ukraine).

Since 1926 Ivan Sukhomlin worked at a sugar mill as a roustabout, at a railway as a repairman, as an apprentice of the tractor operator at a sugar mill.

Since December 1928 Ivan Sukhomlin was in the army. In 1929 he graduated from Leningrad Air Force military theoretical school, in 1930 - from Borisoglebsk military aviation school for pilots and in 1931- from Sevastopol Military aviation school for navy pilots. In 1931-1937 he was a flight instructor of Yeysk Military aviation school for navy pilots.

Ivan Sukhomlin repeatedly took part in glider competitions. In October 1934 he established all-Union record of flight endurance on the "Stalinets-2" two-seat glider - 24 hours 10 minutes. On October 2-3, 1935 Ivan Sukhomlin established all-Union record of flight endurance on the "Stalinets-4" one-seat glider - 38 hours 10 minutes. These records were unofficial world aviation records.

From July 1937 to February 1943 Ivan Sukhomlin was a test-pilot of the Research and Test Institute of naval aviation (the city of Sevastopol, since 1942 - Astrakhan). He has carried out state tests of Che-2, MBR-7, ANT-44, Be-4 (1940), MDR-7 and other hydroplanes.

Ivan Sukhomlin was a participant of the Great Patriotic War: from June 1941 to July 1942 - he was a pilot of the 80th separate air squadron of the air forces of the Black Sea fleet. He has repeatedly bombed military facilities in Romania, performed flights to besieged city of Sevastopol for transportation of military cargo and casualty evacuation. Since February 1943 Ivan Sukhomlin was the deputy commander for the flight training and air fight of the 2nd Guards fighter regiment of the Northern Fleet. He performed several combat flights on P-39 "Airacobra" and Yak-1 fighters took part in air fights.

In July 1945 Ivan Sukhomlin went back to flight-test work in the Research Institute of the Naval aviation (the city of Riga, since 1948 - the city of Feodosia). He has lifted in the sky (on May 30, 1952) and carried out tests of R-1, the first jet flying boat. He has performed state tests of MDR-6 B-4 (1945), I-250, Be-6 (1951-1952), Be-6M, Tu-2T torpedo carrier, Tu-14T jet torpedo carrier and other aircraft.

From March 1954 to December 1973 Ivan Sukhomlin was a test-pilot of Tupolev design bureau. He has lifted in the sky and carried out tests of Tu-96 (Summer, 1956; 2nd pilot), Tu-95K (July 1956), the first Tu-114 produced at the Kuybyshev aircraft factory (1958), prototype of Tu-126 (January 23, 1962). Ivan Sukhomlin has also performed tests of Tu-95 (1960) and Tu-114 at high angles of attack (1960); tests of Tu-114 with engine off, without feathering (1960). He took part in tests of Tu-16, Tu-104, Tu-116 and other aircraft.

Ivan Sukhomlin has established 42 world aviation records (5 of them - as the 2nd pilot): 6 records of speed and loading capacity on ANT-44 amphibian aircraft (1940); 5 records of speed on Tu-104A aircraft (1957; as the 2nd pilot), 24 records of speed on Tu-114 airplane (1960), 2 records of loading capacity on Tu-114 (1961), 5 records of speed on Tu-114 (1962).

Since December 1973 Ivan Sukhomlin was reserved. He lived in the city of Zhukovsky of the Moscow region. Ivan Sukhomlin died on August 28, 1993. He was buried in the village of Rodniki of the Ramensky district of the Moscow region.

Ivan Sukhomlin was awarded three Orders of Lenin (1936, 1955, 1971), three Orders of the Red Banner (1943, 1949, 1966), two Orders of the Patriotic War of the 1st class (1945, 1985), two Orders of the Red Star (1944, 1957), medals.