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A.A.Tupolev

Aleksey A. Tupolev

Aleksey A. Tupolev

Aleksey A. Tupolev was born on May 20, 1925. His parents were Andrey N. Tupolev and Yulia N. Tupoleva. When he was a pupil his family was evacuated to Omsk. After graduating from school in 1942 he started working as a designer at father’s design bureau. His first design work was the construction of wooden tail cone of Tu-2 applied to serial production for metal saving during the war.

When he came back to Moscow he entered Moscow Aviation Institute n.a. S. Ordzhonikidze. After graduating he worked at the design bureau in the design team under the leadership of Rondorskiy B.M. He took part in the aircraft “88” (Tu-16) configuration with two turbojet engines development and offered a modification of placing the endines near the fuselage sidewall behind second wing spar and with one main gear leg. After discussing with the chief designer a full-scale design team of S.M. Eger approved this configuration for future development.

In 1956 the design bureau was ordered the development of unmanned aircraft for wide range supersonic flights. Andrey Tupolev understood well that it was better to entrust such work to young specialists like Aleksey Tupolev. Many new branches of industry and scientific-research institutes were involved in this task solution. Technical requirements to the new aircraft structure differed from the old ones (prolonged heating, automatic control, wide speed range, new type of assisted launch and etc.). That is why Andrey N. was sure that young but experienced and able experts would manage with this work better. Aleksey A. received an upgrade to chief engineer and became leader of a new department of unmanned vehicle “K”.

One of the best postwar long-range jet bombers Tu-16

One of the best postwar long-range jet bombers Tu-16

Communication skills helped Aleksey A. to involve in this work the scientific-research institutes of the country and the design bureaus of other industries. As the work was in progress Aleksey Tupolev’s role of the leader was increasing. The task solution procedure typical for the Tupolev design bureau and applied by A.A. Tupolev in this very case determined successful completion of the work, start of mass production and operation and the development of fully-recoverable reconnaissance aircraft Tu-139 on the basis of Tu-123.

The unique configuration of small unmanned reconnaissance aircraft with small midsection, wide center-of-gravity range and ease of operation, which was developed by A.A. Tupolev’s team, was applied to a set of aircraft of this type (Strizh, Reis-D, Tu-300) with wide range of functions and performance.

Production supersonic passenger aircraft Tu-144D

Production supersonic passenger aircraft Tu-144D

During the last years of A.N. Tupolev’s life his colleagues S.M. Eger, D.S. Markov and Tupolev A.A. took creative decisions more often. In the early 1960s Aleksey A. was committed a very important task of developing the first in the world supersonic passenger aircraft Tu-144. Step-by-step Aleksey A. involved in this work all departments of the design bureau and became the leader of SST Tu-144 project. Jointly with TsAGI and other Research Institutes the Tupolev design bureau solved many new technical problems connected with long-range supersonic flights peculiarities.

In 1973 due to natural alteration of generations caused by A.N. Tupolev’s death A.A. Tupolev was appointed chief designer.

At that time A.A. Tupolev developed the production variant of Tu-144 and worked on Tu-95MS design, improvement of Tu-22M2 and Tu-22M3 performance and putting in production Tu-154B.

Medium-range passenger aircraft Tu-154B

Medium-range passenger aircraft Tu-154B

Aleksey A. being the chief designer had to persist in his decisions and prove the necessity of Tu-144 operation.  The problem of putting Tu-144 in operation was that for civil aviation it meant second technological revolution: modernization of existing runways, air traffic control system, control equipment, maintenance system, systems of passenger carriage and service. But when B.P. Bugaev a strong supporter of the first technological revolution became the Minister of Civil Aviation he took advantage of the accident near Moscow and Tupolev’s caution and did his best as not to put in operation the first Russian SST. As the result the operation of Tu-144 was discontinued and the development of SST was stopped. 

 

 

Intercontinental strategic missile-carrier aircraft Tu-95MC

Intercontinental strategic missile-carrier aircraft Tu-95MC

When Andrey N. was still alive Aleksey A. took part in competition between design bureaus for development of advanced strategic attack aircraft. Due to the high creative potential and great experience of A.A. Tupolev’s team in Tu-22M and Tu-144 development this work was entrusted to the Tupolev design bureau.

Huge amount of aviation factories and companies of allied industries worked on Tu-160 development under the technical guidance of A.A. Tupolev. He managed to involve the whole design bureau team in the aircraft unique in its configuration, design and technology solutions development. The efforts of the design bureau and personally Aleksey A. were crowned with success. The country received perfect combat aircraft complex.  

 

 

 

 

Long-range multimode missile-carrier bomber Tu-22M3

Long-range multimode missile-carrier bomber Tu-22M3

In the field of civil subsonic aviation the research work on the economical and supportable aircraft layout with new high bypass ratio jet engines development was constantly conducted. The recent developments in subsonic aerodynamics, navigation and control systems were used in these researches. Gathered experience and found design solutions became the basis of Tu-154 modernization variant Tu-154M. Joint work of TsAGI and Tupolev design bureau made it possible to use in future all these ideas in the development of the Tu-204 aircraft which met operating requirements of XXI century.

A.A. Tupolev and his team deserved credit for the choice of the Tu-204 aircraft characteristics which were used as the basis of Tu-204 family development; these aircraft were supposed to become the most popular, profitable and low-pollution civil aircraft of the country. A.A. Tupolev has designed the high efficiency Tu-334 aircraft which had much in common with Tu-204 and was supposed to enter production at the same time.

A.A. Tupolev at the LII airfield

A.A. Tupolev at the LII airfield

A.A. Tupolev was engaged in teaching and scientific work in Moscow State Aviation Technological University; he was a professor, a department chairman. He took part in the training of top-ranking aviation specialists who still continues developing the Russian Aviation Industry.

He was a full member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR and significantly contributed to the work of the Automation Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. He was awarded a Title of Hero of Socialist Labour, he was a laureate of the Lenin and State Prizes, and he was given many highest awards of the USSR.

After extended grave illness A.A. Tupolev died on May 12, 2001.