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Fyodor F. Opadchy

Fyodor F. Opadchy Fyodor F. Opadchy

Hero of the Soviet Union (1957), honoured test-pilot of the USSR (1959), colonel (1948).

Fyodor Opadchy was born on January 1 (14), 1907 in the village of Rotovka in Putivlsky district of Sumy region (Ukraine). In 1925 he finished technical vocational school in the city of Glukhov (Sumy region). He worked as a mechanic at a sugar plant in the farm of Mikhaylovsky and in the village of Rakitnoye.

Since October, 1929 Fyodor Opadchy was in the army. Until February, 1930 he served in the aircraft fleet № 6 (in Leningrad Military Region) as the Red Army soldier. In 1931 he graduated from Gatchina Military aviation school for pilots and stayed there as a flight instructor. In 1932-1933, Fyodor Opadchy was a flight instructor of Lugansk Military aviation school for pilots. Since 1933 he served in combatant forces of the Air Force (in Moscow Military Region).

From June, 1936 to August, 1943, Fyodor Opadchy was a test-pilot of State Air Force research and test institute (in the squadron of combat application, department № 3). He had carried out tests of "103" airplane (ANT-58, 1941). He also took part in state tests of SB and DB-3 bombers; performed training of dive bombing.

Fyodor Opadchy was a participant of the Winter War: from December, 1939 to March, 1940 he was a commander of aviasquadron of the 85th bomber regiment and performed 21 combat flights on DB-3 bomber. He was one of the first to perform dive bombing in field conditions.

Fyodor Opadchy was also a participant of the Great Patriotic War: in July-August, 1941 he was a deputy commander of the 410th bomber regiment (the Western front). Fyodor Opadchy took part in defence battles near Smolensk. In total, he had made 9 combat flights on Pe-2. In September, 1941 he was engaged in forming of the 187th separate spotting-and-reconnaissance aviasquadron consisting of airplanes of the German production and Pe-2. After a crash he was undergoing a long treatment and was able to return to work as a test-pilot only in May, 1942.

From August, 1943 to January, 1946 Fyodor Opadchy was a test-pilot of experimental design bureau n.a. V. M. Myasishchev. He had lifted in the sky and carried out tests of DVB-102 with M-71TK-3 engines (1944-1945), DB-108 (1945), DIS with VK-107A engines (1945). From January, 1946 to 1951, Fyodor Opadchy was a test-pilot of Tupolev design bureau. He had lifted in the sky and carried out tests of Tu-2D ("65", 1946), Tu-2T ("62T", 1946), Tu-70 (1946), Tu-14 ("73", 1947), Tu-16 ("78", 1948), Tu-18 ("81", 1949), Tu-80 (1949). He also took part in tests of Tu-2 with ASh-83 engines (1945), Tu-8 ("69"), Tu-7, Tu-4T, Tu-4K, Tu-4Sh, Tu-4D, Tu-14R, Tu-10 ("68", 1946), Tu-22 ("82", 1949-1950).

From 1951 to December, 1957 Fyodor Opadchy was a test-pilot of experimental design bureau n.a. V. M. Myasishchev. He had lifted in the sky and carried out tests of ShR (on April 5, 1952) and M-4 (on January 20, 1953). He also took part in tests of 3M airplane.

Since December, 1957 Fyodor Opadchy was reserved. Until 1960 he worked as a methodologist in experimental design bureau n.a. V. M. Myasishchev. Fyodor Opadchy lived in Moscow. He died on April 10, 1996. He was buried at the Rakitki cemetery in Podolsk district of Moscow region.

Fyodor Opadchy was awarded two Orders of Lenin (1955, 1957), five Orders of the Red Banner (1940, 1947, 1948, 1950, 1957), two Orders of the Patriotic War of the 1st class (1944, 1985), two Orders of the Red Star (1939, 1944), medals. Fyodor Opadchy was a Laureate of the Lenin Prize (1957).

In the city of Glukhov there is a memorial board on the wall of the former technical vocational school, where the Hero studied.