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Eduard V. Elyan

Eduard V. Elyan

Honoured test-pilot of the USSR (1967), Hero of the Soviet Union (1971), colonel.

Eduard Elyan was born on August 20, 1926, in the city of Baku (Azerbaijan). From 1938 to 1944 he lived in Norilsk, Moscow, Sverdlovsk. In 1944, he graduated from Sverdlovsk Special School of the Air Force.

Since June, 1944 Eduard Elyan was in the army. In 1944 he graduated from the 9th military aviation school of pilots' initial training (the city of Buguruslan), in 1948 - from Borisoglebsk Military aviation school for pilots, and till 1951, he was a flight instructor there.

In 1953 Eduard Elyan graduated from Test-Pilot School, and in 1960 - from the evening department of Moscow Aviation Institute's branch in the city of Zhukovsky. From June, 1953 to March, 1958 he was a test-pilot of Flight Research Institute n.a. M.M. Gromov (the city of Zhukovsky). He has lifted in the sky and carried out tests of PT-7 (in the summer of 1957). He has also performed a number of tests on fighters, within the scope of the Institute's activities; took part in tests of pressure suits.

In 1958-1960 Eduard Elyan was a test-pilot of the experimental design bureau n.a. P.O. Sukhoi. He has lifted in the sky and carried out tests of T-47-3 (Su-11, on December 25, 1958). He has also performed strength tests of S-1, took part in tests of T-3, PT-8, T-49, T-5, P-1, Su-7.

In 1960-1981 Eduard Elyan was a test-pilot of Tupolev design bureau. He has lifted in the sky and carried out tests of Tu-22K (November, 1961), Tu-144 first-ever supersonic passenger airliner (on December 31, 1968). He also took part in tests of Tu-22, Tu-124, Tu-134, Tu-154 and their modifications.

Since 1982 colonel Eduard Elyan was reserved. Until 1996 he worked as an engineer in experimental design bureau n.a. A.I. Mikoyan. Eduard Elyan lived in the city of Zhukovsky of the Moscow region, later - in Moscow, and during the last years of his life - in the city of Rostov-on-Don. He died on April 6, 2009. He was buried at the Severnoe cemetery, in Rostov-on-Don.

Eduard Elyan was awarded the Orders of Lenin (1971), the Order of the Red Banner (1964), the Order of the Red Star (1957) and medals. He was also awarded Paul Tissandier Diploma by FAI (1969).