Proud of the past, create the future together!

Alexander D. Kalina

Alexander D. Kalina

Hero of the Soviet Union (1964), honoured test-pilot of the USSR (1961), lieutenant colonel (1943).

Alexander Kalina was born on March 3 (16), 1911 in the city of Apostolovo of Dnepropetrovsk region (Ukraine). In 1930, he finished school of education for manufacture workers, then he worked at iron-and-steel plant. In 1930-1931 he studied at Dneprodzerzhinsk metallurgical institute.

Since 1931 Alexander Kalina was in the army. In 1932 he graduated from Volsk military aviation school. In 1932-1935 Alexander Kalina was a flight engineer of Air Force research and test institute; took part in test flights of heavy airplanes. Since 1935 he was reserved.

In 1935-1936 Alexander Kalina was a flight engineer in Special design bureau of the inventions department of People's Commissariat of the defence of the USSR, and from January, 1936 to December he was the head assistant of the test and research station there. In 1937 he graduated from Tambov aviation school for pilots of Civil Air Fleet. In 1937-1941 Alexander Kalina was a pilot of Moscow CAF Department. He took part in cargo and arms delivery to the battle area during fights on the river Halkhin-Gol in September-October, 1939 and during the Winter war in January-March, 1940.

Since 1941 Alexander Kalina had again returned to the army, and served in military-transport aviation.

Alexander Kalina was a participant of the Great Patriotic War. From June, 1941 to November, 1942 he was a pilot, the commander of aviasquadron of the 1st air transport division of the CAF; since November, 1942 - the deputy commander of the 3rd separate aviation division of communications of the CAF. Within the period of the war, he had performed about 250 combat flights behind the enemy lines for paratroopers landing, transportation of ammunition and other loads to partisans, and also to the front line for delivery of ammunition and arms. Since 1946, he was reserved.

In 1947-1948 Alexander Kalina was a test-pilot of CAF Research Institute. He had performed a number of tests on Li-2 and Il-12.

In 1949 Alexander Kalina finished courses at Test-Pilot School. In 1948-1955 he was a test-pilot of the aircraft factory №30 (which is nowadays called Moscow Aircraft Production Organization). He tested production airplanes Il-12 (1948-1949), Il-28 (1950-1955) and their modifications.

In 1955-1965 Alexander Kalina was a test-pilot of Tupolev design bureau. He had lifted in the sky and carried out tests of Tu-96 (in summer 1956), Tu-95K (1956, 2nd pilot), Tu-124 (on March 24, 1960), Tu-134 (on July 29, 1963). Alexander Kalina performed landing/takeoff on unpaved runway tests of Tu-124, tested Tu-110L (1962). He also was engaged in tests of Tu-22, Tu-104, Tu-107 and other aircraft of the design bureau.

Alexander Kalina lived in Moscow. He worked at Tupolev design bureau as a flight safety engineer.

Alexander Kalina died on March 16, 1988. He was buried at the Vostryakovskoe cemetery in Moscow.

Alexander Kalina was awarded the Order of Lenin (1964), three Orders of the Red Banner (1942, 1942, 1945), two Orders of the Patriotic War of the 1st class (1945, 1985), the Order of the Red Banner of Labor (1957), three Orders of the Red Star (1942, 1942, 1959), the Order of the Badge of Honour (1961), medals.