Operational standards for unmanned complex, list of required specialists and combatant unit structure were developed for the first time when making “Yastreb” DRB-1 formations and during its operation. All these served later as a basis for further unmanned complexes.
“Yastreb” DBR-1 complex operation confirmed aviation need in unmanned complexes. In 1968 three years after entering into combatant unit operation a new Government Decree was issued on building of unmanned complexes of different purpose. Our Design Bureau was commissioned with manufacturing tactical complex “Reis” and operation and tactical “Strizh”.
“Reis” complex was designed, tested and put into serial production within extremely short period – less than four years. In 1972 unmanned reconnaissance aircraft, launcher, transportation and loading vehicle and test system were put into serial production. The complex was soon launched into operation and was widely used in combatant units. Total serial output of these aerial vehicles is about 1000 machines. Reconnaissance aircraft was built in three reconnaissance versions - photographic, TV and radiation. Data from TV and radiation equipment was linked down to ground data acquisition center in real time. “Reis” complexes have been operated till now days.
“Reis” complex was delivered to a number of foreign countries where it was used in real conditions and showed worth.
“Reis” complex was followed by efficient reconnaissance complex “Strizh” with more extended range of reconnaissance equipment: photo- , IR-, TV-, laser and radio-systems. The complex provides reconnaissance range of 450 km. The complex was quickly introduced into combatant units and have been in operation in our Army till now.
In 1973 activities on unmanned aerial vehicles were headed by Georgiiy Gofbauer - one of leading specialists of our DB , who occupied this post for more than 20 years. He was the person who directly organized serial production of “Reis” and its operation in combatant units, modification and upgrading of certain items of the complex, “Strizh” test.
The main creation of Mr. Gofbauer became “Reis-D” complex. In early 1980-s activities were intensively deployed on this complex. Nevertheless “Reis-D” complex represents “Reis” modernization it differs from the latter and is much better by technical characteristics and effectiveness.
“Reis-D” meets prescribed tactical and technical requirements maintaining all positive features of “Reis”. As a result the new complex efficiency grew 3-4 times. mainly due to integration of reconnaissance equipment. The “Reis-D” is provided with photo- and TV- equipment or with set of photo- and IR-equipment. It means that data transfer in real time and detail reconnaissance is provided. We significantly (almost twice) increased flight range, cut down time required for flight task preparation and introduction , decreased minimal flight altitude which effects greatly upon aerial vehicle vulnerability. The complex is in serial production and is currently operated in combatant units.
To-day developed countries entered the next phase of unmanned aircraft evolution. The phase is characterized by great verity of aerial vehicles both by application and purpose. By their application they are reconnaissance aircraft, targets, jammers, repeaters. USA started intensive activities on creation of strike unmanned aerial vehicle. Reconnaissance –surveillance aircraft became of wide application capable to loiter over reconnoitered territory for long time and to transfer data in real time. A rather important issue to be considered now – is data acquisition and processing and efficient bringing to command and execution levels.
Out DB is currently intensively working on building new and upgrading existing unmanned complexes. We have some good works done regarding application of aerial vehicles for new purposes when using separately and as a part of long-range and strategic aviation.